September 25, 2022

What are the different types of psychotherapy?


Psychotherapy is a common form of mental health care. Several interventions alleviate physical, behavioural, and even psychological conditions that can affect mental well-being in this treatment.


Most talk therapy occurs in meetings between a patient and a mental health professional, such as a psychologist, psychiatrist, counsellor, or other certified professional. The patient’s quality of life is usually improved through several techniques and approaches used in these meetings.

Nowadays, it is important to accept the mental illness and cope with it rather than hide for the people’s sake and go for Psychotherapy Treatments.

What Can Psychotherapy Help With?

In conjunction with medication or as a stand-alone treatment, Psychotherapy Treatments are often recommended as an effective way to manage and improve symptoms of mental health conditions such as:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Eating disorders
  • Sleep problems
  • Bipolar disorder

Furthermore, Psychotherapy Treatments can help improve coping, self-esteem, relationships, and personal and emotional growth.

Benefits of Psychotherapy Treatments:

Several reasons make psychotherapy a popular treatment method. Some of these include:

  • Certain types of depression and anxiety can be treated just as effectively with psychotherapy as with medication.
  • Besides treating mental health conditions, this treatment enables clients to view the world positively.
  • Relationships with family, peers, colleagues, and others can be improved through therapy.


Types of Psychotherapy

Psychologists and other mental health professionals use several types of therapy to treat their patients. Choosing the type of therapy the patient needs is determined by their particular illness, circumstances, and preference. A mental health professional may combine elements from different approaches to the person’s needs receiving treatment.


Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) helps people identify and replace harmful or ineffective patterns of thinking and behaviour with more accurate and functional ones. This can help a person focus on current problems and how to resolve them. 

During CBT, new skills are often practised in the real world. CBT can treat various disorders, including depression, anxiety, trauma-related disorders, and eating disorders. Using CBT, for example, a person with depression can identify and change negative thought patterns.

Interpersonal therapy:

Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) is a type of therapy that is short-term in nature. Psychotherapy can help patients understand and resolve underlying interpersonal issues such as unresolved grief, changes in social or work roles, conflicts with significant others, and problems relating to others. 

People can learn healthy ways to express their emotions and ways to improve their communication and how they relate to others through it. This method is often used in the treatment of depression.

Dialectical behaviour therapy

CBT that uses dialectical behaviour to regulate emotions is called dialectical behaviour therapy. People with chronic suicidal thoughts, eating disorders, and posttraumatic stress disorder are often treated with it. 

Teaching skills encourage people to take personal responsibility for changing unhealthy or disruptive behaviours. This is done both individually and in groups.

Psychodynamic therapy

Psychodynamic therapy is based on the notion that behaviour and mental well-being are affected by childhood experiences and inappropriate repetitive thoughts or feelings that are unconscious (outside of individual awareness). 

Therapists help people gain self-awareness and change old patterns to feel more in control of their lives.


In treating psychodynamic problems, psychoanalysis is usually regarded as a more intensive method. Psychoanalysis sessions are usually held three or more times a week.

Supportive therapy

Guidance and encouragement are used in supportive therapy to help patients develop their resources. Self-esteem is built, anxiety is reduced, coping mechanisms are strengthened, and social and community functioning is improved. Patients with mental health problems often face issues that affect the rest of their lives due to supportive psychotherapy.

Psychotherapy is often used in conjunction with the following therapies:

  • Working with dogs, horses, and other animals to provide comfort, facilitate communication, and help cope with trauma
  • The arts – dance, drama, music, and poetry – are used in creative therapies
  • To assist children with identifying and talking about their feelings and emotions, play therapy can be used

Finding and Choosing a Psychotherapist

Psychiatrists, psychologists, licensed social workers, licensed professional counsellors, marriage and family therapists, psychiatric nurses, and others with training in psychotherapy can provide psychotherapy. Psychologists are also medically trained and can prescribe medications.



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